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Chapter 17 Learning Objectives

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1. Briefly review the history of syphilis and describe its similarities to AIDS.

Textbook Reference: Venereal Diseases Were Seen as Punishment for Sexual License, pp. 545–546

2. Describe the U.S. incidence of, prevalence of, and reporting procedures for the major STDs.

Textbook Reference: STDs Are Still a Major Problem in the United States, pp. 546–547

3. Survey the different forms of STDs that involve insects and protozoa.

Textbook Reference: Lice and Mites Are More of an Annoyance than a Danger, pp. 547–550; Trichomoniasis Is Caused by a Protozoan, pp. 550–551

4. Provide an overview of the major bacterial STDs, including their modes of transmission, physiological effects, and treatment.

Textbook Reference: Bacterial STDs Can Usually Be Treated with Antibiotics, p. 551; Syphilis Is Down but Not Out, pp. 551–552; Gonorrhea Can Lead to Infertility, pp. 552–555; Chlamydia Causes a Common Infection with Serious Complications, pp. 555–556; The Status of Bacterial Vaginosis as an STD Is Uncertain, p. 556; Urethritis Can Be Caused by a Variety of Organisms, pp. 556–557

5. Describe the symptoms, mode of transmission, and treatment for herpes (both HSV-1 and HSV-2) and hepatitis.

Textbook Reference: Genital Herpes Is a Lifelong but Not Life-Threatening Infection, pp. 558–560; Hepatitis Viruses Can Be Sexually Transmitted, pp. 562–563

6. Provide an overview of HPV, with a discussion of its mode of transmission, physiological effects, preventative interventions, and available treatments.

Textbook Reference: Human Papillomaviruses Can Cause Genital Warts—and Cancer, pp. 560–562

7. Review the disease of AIDS in detail—its transmission, demographic distribution, physiological mode of action, and the standard treatment regime.

Textbook Reference: AIDS Is Caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, pp. 563–570

8. Provide a summary of the mechanism by which HIV replicates itself within the cells of an infected person’s immune system.

Textbook Reference: AIDS Is Caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, pp. 563–570

9. Survey strategies for reducing the transmission of STDs, especially among young people, and discuss the controversy regarding mandatory STD notification policies.

Textbook Reference: There Are Several Ways to Reduce the Likelihood of STD Transmission, pp. 571–574

10. Describe some of the conditions that can be mistaken for STDs and how they are often treated or cured.

Textbook Reference: Not Everything Is an STD, pp. 574–575