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Chapter 14 Learning Objectives

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1. Describe the spectrum of sexual orientation and comment on the different orientation types and their frequencies in the general population.

Textbook Reference: There Is a Spectrum of Sexual Orientations, pp. 447–448

2. Using research evidence, describe some of the sex-atypical cognitive and personality traits observed in gay men and lesbians. Discuss how evident this gender nonconformity is in childhood.

Textbook Reference: Sexual Orientation Is Not an Isolated Trait, pp. 449–450

3. Compare and contrast the psychodynamic theory of sexual orientation with the biological theory. Weighing the evidence, discuss which has the greatest research support.

Textbook Reference: Diverse Theories Attempt to Explain Sexual Orientation, pp. 451–454

4. Provide a concise history of the emergence of a distinct homosexual identity among gay men and lesbian women.

Textbook Reference: The Basis for Defining Homosexual People Has Changed over Time, pp. 454–457

5. Discuss the current status of gay rights in the United States and cite some examples of rapid social change around this issue.

Textbook Reference: The Gay Community Has Struggled for Equal Rights, pp. 457–462

6. Describe the status of gay rights around the world.

Textbook Reference: The Gay Community Has Struggled for Equal Rights, pp. 457–462

7. Provide some perspective on the experiences and difficulties of a pre-gay child making the transition to adulthood and discuss the stages of coming out.

Textbook Reference: Growing Up Gay Presents Challenges, pp. 462–467

8. Review some of the variety of identities, sexual behavior, and sexual interactions that exists within the gay and lesbian communities.

Textbook Reference: Gay People Who Belong to Minorities Have Special Concerns, p. 468; Gay Sex Has Its Own Style, pp. 468–472

9. Discuss the arguments that have been leveled as to why gay parenting should not occur and include a summary of the developmental outcomes for children of gay parents. Discuss how common gay parenting actually is in the United States.

Textbook Reference: Gay Sex Has Its Own Style, pp. 468–472

10. Review the multiple roots and consequences of homophobia and describe ways to overcome it.

Textbook Reference: Homophobia Has Multiple Roots, pp. 472–476

11. Provide a concise discussion of the identity, practice, and politics of bisexuality.

Textbook Reference: Bisexuals Are Caught between Two Worlds, pp. 476–479