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Chapter 12 Learning Objectives

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1. Outline the early history of the birth control movement with specific emphasis on the work of Margaret Sanger.

Textbook Reference: Birth Control Has a Long History, pp. 357–361

2. Review the wide variety of considerations that influence people’s choices about birth control.

Textbook Reference: Birth Control Has a Long History, pp. 357–361

3. Survey the various barrier methods of contraception available, noting their proper use, advantages, and drawbacks.

Textbook Reference: Physical Methods Block Sperm Transport, pp. 361–368

4. Survey the variety of hormone-based oral contraceptives that are available, identifying factors that influence choices, their reliability, and their relative advantages and disadvantages.

Textbook Reference: Hormone-Based Methods Are Easy to Use, pp. 369–373

5. Survey the variety of hormone-based non-oral contraceptives that are available, including reliability, advantages, and disadvantages.

Textbook Reference: Hormones Can Be Administered by Non-Oral Routes, pp. 373–376

6. Describe the types of birth control that rely on fertility awareness methods, emphasizing relevant issues of reliability, convenience, advantages/disadvantages, and relationship to moral beliefs.

Textbook Reference: Behavioral Methods Can Be Demanding, pp. 376–380

7. Describe, from most to least reliable, the contraceptive options that are available after unprotected coitus.

Textbook Reference: There Are Contraceptive Options after Unprotected Coitus, pp. 380–381

8. Describe the procedures of surgical sterilization of men and women and consider their relative advantages and disadvantages.

Textbook Reference: Sterilization Is Highly Reliable, pp. 381–385

9. Briefly describe some of the research in progress dedicated to new contraceptive methods.

Textbook Reference: New Contraceptive Methods Are under Development, pp. 385–386

10. Provide an overview of the specific techniques of abortion that are available and the factors that influence the choice of a procedure.

Textbook Reference: Several Safe Abortion Procedures Are Available, pp. 386–390

11. Provide an analysis of the controversy that surrounds abortion, surveying the various positions on the topic and the public policy decisions that have come about as a result.

Textbook Reference: Americans Are Divided on Abortion, but Most Favor Restricted Availability, pp. 390–394