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Chapter 7 Learning Objectives

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1. Define gender, gender identity, and gender role.


Textbook Reference: Gender Is a Central Aspect of Personhood, pp. 191–192; Gender Identity May Be Disconcordant with Anatomical Sex, p. 193


2. Provide a historical account of the emergence of gender research: its sociopolitical roots, early positions, and current status.


Textbook Reference: Gender Research Has Emerged from a History of Sexism, pp. 192–193


3. Summarize the research findings related to sex differences in cognitive function, personality differences, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors.


Textbook Reference: Men and Women Differ in a Variety of Cognitive and Personality Traits, pp. 193–197


4. Provide an account of the gender differences seen in children from early infancy until puberty.


Textbook Reference: Men and Women Differ in a Variety of Cognitive and Personality Traits, pp. 193–197


5. State the theoretical perspective of evolutionary psychology and then discuss its application to the origins of sex differences in cognition, jealousy, and sexuality.


Textbook Reference: Biological Factors Influence Gender, pp. 197–201


6. Provide a summary of the evidence that many gendered traits may be caused by differential exposure to prenatal hormones.


Textbook Reference: Biological Factors Influence Gender, pp. 197–201


7. Explain the socialization account of gender development, citing research evidence that both supports and refutes this theory.


Textbook Reference: Life Experiences Influence Gender, pp. 202–207


8. Explain the cognitive developmental perspective of gender, citing evidence from Lawrence Kohlberg, Sandra Bem, and sexual script theory.


Textbook Reference: Life Experiences Influence Gender, pp. 202–207


9. Describe, with evidence, what is meant by the statement: “Gender development is an interaction of both biological and social factors. ”


Textbook Reference: Gender Development Involves Complex Interactions, p. 208


10. Describe the various types/classifications of transgendered individuals and discuss the types and forms of transgenders seen in different cultures.


Textbook Reference: Transgendered People Cross Society’s Deepest Divide, pp. 208–216


11. Describe the various stages of sex reassignment surgery. Discuss the factors that influence a person who is considering this type of surgery and the reasons that some transexuals choose not to have surgery.


Textbook Reference: Transgendered People Cross Society’s Deepest Divide, pp. 208–216


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