Chapter 13 Flashcards & Key Terms

adolescence
The period of psychosexual and social maturation that accompanies and follows puberty.
andropause
In men, the gradual decline of fertility with age; a hypothetical male equivalent of menopause.
bar mitzvah
Jewish coming-of-age ceremony for boys.
bat mitzvah
Jewish coming-of-age ceremony for girls.
bigamy
In law, the crime of marrying someone while already married to another spouse.
breast ironing
A West-African custom of pounding a girl’s breasts with the intent of delaying their development.
climacteric
The transition to infertility at the end of a woman’s reproductive life, lasting for several years and culminating in menopause.
cohabitation
A live-in sexual relationship between two persons who are not married to each other.
companionate marriage
A form of marriage in which the husband and wife are expected to be emotionally intimate and to engage in social activities together.
concubine
A woman who cohabits with a man but is not his wife, usually in polygamous cultures.
covenant marriage
A form of marriage that requires a stronger vow of commitment than a regular marriage and that makes divorce harder to obtain.
dissociation
The distancing of oneself from the emotions evoked by some traumatic experience or memory.
eunuch
A man who has been castrated.
group marriage
Three or more people living together in a marriage-like relationship.
habituation
A psychological or physiological process that reduces a person’s response to a stimulus or drug after repeated or prolonged exposure.
harem
1. The quarters for wives and children in a polygamous Muslim household. 2. In some species, the group of females who live and mate with a single male.
hot flashes (hot flushes)
Episodes of reddening and warmth of the skin associated with menopause.
isoflavones
Estrogen-like compounds of plant origin.
menopausal hormone therapy (MHT)
Use of hormones to treat symptoms occurring during or soon after menopause.
menopause
The final cessation of menstruation at the end of a woman’s reproductive years.
mut’a
A contract to marry for a fixed period of time.
osteoporosis
Reduction in the mineral content of bone, predisposing to fractures.
perimenopause
The phase prior to menopause that is marked by irregular menstrual cycles.
polyamory
The formation of nontransient sexual relationships in groups of three or more.
polyandry
Marriage or mating of one female with more than one male.
polygamy
Marriage to or (mostly in animals) mating with more than one partner.
polygyny
The marriage or mating of one male with more than one female.
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
A cluster of physical and psychological symptoms that can affect persons who have experienced severe trauma.
postmenopausal hormone therapy
Hormone treatment extending for a long time after menopause.
postnuptial agreement
A financial agreement between spouses.
preadolescence
The age range including the beginning of puberty, approximately from 8 to 12 or from 8 to 13.
prenuptial agreement
A contract signed before marriage, spelling out the disposition of wealth in the event of divorce.
quinceañera
Hispanic coming-of-age ceremony for girls.
serial monogamy
Engagement in a series of monogamous relationships.
swingers
Couples who agree to engage in casual sexual contacts with others.
vasomotor control
The physiological regulation of peripheral blood flow.
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