Chapter 12 Flashcards & Key Terms

Adiana
A method of tubal sterilization that blocks the oviduct with small plugs.
barrier method
Any contraceptive technique in which a physical barrier, such as a condom or diaphragm, prevents sperm from reaching the ovum.
calendar rhythm method
A fertility awareness method of contraception that takes account of variability in the length of a woman’s menstrual cycles.
cervical cap
A small rubber or plastic cap that adheres by suction to the cervix, used as a contraceptive.
cervical mucus method
A fertility awareness method of contraception that depends on observing changes in the cervical mucus.
constant-dose combination pill
An oral contraceptive regimen in which all pills (except any dummy pills) contain the same drug dosage.
contraceptive implant
A device implanted in the body that slowly releases a hormonal contraceptive.
Depo-Provera
An injectable form of medroxyprogesterone acetate, used as a contraceptive in women or to decrease the sex drive in male sex offenders.
Depo-SubQ Provera
A form of Depo-Provera designed for subcutaneous injection.
diaphragm
A barrier placed over the cervix as a contraceptive.
dilation and evacuation (D&E)
A procedure involving the opening of the cervix and the scraping out of the contents of the uterus with a curette (spoonlike instrument). D&E may be done as an abortion procedure or for other purposes.
elective abortion
An abortion performed in circumstances when the woman’s health is not at risk.
ella
A form of emergency contraception that is effective for 5 days after sex.
emergency contraception
Use of high-dose contraceptives to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex.
Essure
A method of tubal sterilization that blocks the oviducts by use of metal coils.
extended-use regimen
A regimen of contraceptive pills that allows for fewer or no menstrual periods.
female condom
A plastic pouch inserted into the vagina as a contraceptive and/or to prevent disease transmission.
FemCap
A type of cervical cap that has a raised brim.
fertility awareness methods
Contraceptive techniques that rely on avoiding coitus during the woman’s fertile window. Also called rhythm methods or periodic abstinence methods.
hysterotomy
An abortion performed via a surgical incision in the abdominal wall and the uterus.
Implanon
An implanted hormonal contraceptive.
induced abortion
An abortion performed intentionally by medical or surgical means.
intrauterine device (IUD)
A device placed in the uterus as a contraceptive.
laparoscopy
Abdominal surgery, such as tubal sterilization, performed through a small incision with the aid of a laparoscope (a fiber-optic viewing instrument).
Lea’s shield
A type of diaphragm with a one-way valve.
Lybrel
A contraceptive pill designed for complete elimination of menstrual periods.
male condom
A sheath placed over the penis as a contraceptive and/or to prevent disease transmission.
medical abortion (or medication abortion)
An abortion induced with drugs.
methotrexate
A drug used in some medical abortions.
mifepristone
A progestin receptor antagonist used to induce abortion. Also known as RU-486.
mini-laparotomy
Abdominal surgery, such as tubal sterilization, performed through a short incision.
Mirena
A hormone-releasing IUD.
misoprostol
A prostaglandin used in medical abortions.
NuvaRing
A contraceptive ring placed in the vagina.
Ortho Evra
A contraceptive patch.
outercourse
Sexual activities other than coitus, promoted as a means for preventing unwanted pregnancy and reducing the risk of STD transmission.
ParaGard
A copper-containing IUD.
perfect-use failure rate
The percentage of women using a contraceptive technique correctly who will become pregnant in a year.
Plan B
A progestin used for emergency contraception.
pro-choice
Believing that abortion should be legal under some or all circumstances.
pro-life
Opposed to abortion; believing that abortion should be illegal under most or all circumstances.
progestin-only pill
An oral contraceptive that contains progestin but no estrogen. Also called the “mini-pill.”
saline-induced abortion
An abortion induced by use of a strong salt solution.
Seasonale
An extended-use contraceptive pill.
Seasonique
An extended-use contraceptive pill.
spermicide
A chemical that kills sperm, available as a contraceptive in a variety of forms, such as foams, creams, and suppositories.
standard days method
A simplified calendar method of contraception usable by women with regular cycles.
sterilization
A surgical procedure to eliminate fertility in either sex.
surgical abortion
An abortion induced by a surgical procedure.
sympto-thermal method
A rhythm method of contraception that uses the measurement of basal body temperature and the testing of cervical mucus to determine the time of ovulation and the fertile window.
therapeutic abortion
An abortion performed to safeguard a woman’s life or health.
triphasic combination pill
An oral contraceptive regimen that varies the doses of estrogens and progestins around the menstrual cycle.
tubal ligation
Female sterilization by tying off the oviducts.
tubal sterilization
A female sterilization technique that involves cutting, cauterizing, or tying off the oviducts. Also called tubal ligation.
typical-use failure rate
The percentage of women using a contraceptive technique with a typical degree of care who will become pregnant in a year.
vacuum aspiration
An abortion procedure in which the conceptus is destroyed and removed by suction.
vasectomy
A male sterilization technique that involves cutting or tying off the vasa deferentia.
vasovasostomy
Surgery to reverse a vasectomy.
withdrawal method
A method of contraception in which the man withdraws his penis from the vagina prior to ejaculation.
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